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EMT-B Review Answers

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Review Books

GENERAL

  1. GLOVES - Worn anytime the situation may include blood or other body fluids.
    EYE PROTECTION - Used whenever there is the possibility of blood or body fluids splashing into the face or eyes.
    MASK - Protects in situations where blood or body fluid may contact the EMT-B's nose or mouth, or to protect from airborne diseases.
    GOWN - Used when large amounts or blood or bodily fluids are expected.
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  2. IMPLIED CONSENT - note: Other Types of consent include: Actual consent, Informed consent, Minor's consent, and Consent of the mentally ill.
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  3. TERMINATION OF PATIENT CARE WITHOUT ASSURING THE CONTINUATION OF CARE AT AN EQUAL OR HIGHER LEVEL.
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  4. Deviation from the accepted standard of care that results in further injury to the patient.
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  5.             COLOR                    PRIORITY   
                    Red ........................ First
                    Yellow .................... Second   
                    Green ..................... Third
                    Black ...................... Dead or Expectant
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THE HUMAN BODY

  1. OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE - Note: This exchange takes place in the Alveoli in the lungs.
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  2. DIAPHRAGM - The Diaphragm is a skeletal muscle that acts like an involuntary muscle.
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  3. ADULT:    12-20 Times per minute
    CHILD:     15-30 Times per minute
    INFANT:   25-50 Times per minute

            Note: The EMT-B should also Observe the rhythm, quality and depth of breathing.
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  4. RIGHT ATRIUM - Receives oxygen poor blood from the veins of the body.
    LEFT ATRIUM - Receives oxygen rich blood from the lungs via the pulmonary veins.
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  5. RIGHT VENTRICLE - Pumps oxygen poor blood to the lungs.
    LEFT VENTRICLE - Pumps oxygen rich blood to the body.
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  6. ARTERIES- Note: The aorta is the major artery of the body and originates from the heart. Coronary arteries supply the heart muscle with blood.
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  7. VEINS - Note: Major veins include the SUPERIOR VENA CAVA and INFERIOR VENA CAVA which carry blood from the body to the right atrium. The PULMONARY VEIN carries blood from the lungs to the left atrium.
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  8. CAPILLARIES - Note: The release of oxygen and nutrients to the cells, and the removal of carbon dioxide and wastes from the cells, takes place through the capillaries.
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